Inspiring as a belief system.. gaining momentum as part
of a new paradigm of extended empiricism
..but it should never become a leeway to junk science..
by: Frank van den Bovenkamp, May 20, 2011
Below is an excerpt - copy-pasted in its entirety, and scaled down a bit
- from http://www.fractalfield.com/fractalphotosynthesis/
What is it about:
Dan Winter tries to prove his most recent "discovery" of an
accurate (!) Planck length based Golden Ratio progression in the free
chlorophyll (type a) absorbtion spectrum, but fails to provide any evidence.
Reason for my comments:
- Dan Winter abuses in what looks like the same article (same page, at
least) the Geometric origin of color to "prove" his point (with
no proper reference and the original header with reference shamelessly
- To preserve the field of sacred geometry in general - especially as
a science - from being disgraced by such unfounded claims and associated
- To show the correct, less than 0.5% resp. 2% accurate, (close to)
Golden Ratio progressions in free chlorophyll-a and bacteriochlorophyll-c
The literature values for the absorbtion peaks of non-free (i.e. in solution)
chlorophyll extracted from graphs are within about a percent unambiguous.
There were no graphs, only numerical values found for free chlorophyll.
Rather than listing all resources, just a Google search on "chlorophyll
absorbtion peaks" yields the following values:
in solution; literature
*) numerical values extracted from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chlorophyll;
note: these values are not referenced (Wiki: "citation needed")
Clearly, Dan Winter's values compared with free chlorophyll are not
merely "inaccurate", they are totally out of league. The absolute
wavelengths are 8.2 % (low) resp. 3.8 % (high) different from the Chl-a
peaks. More critically, the true ratio which constitutes the central
claim of Dan Winter, is inaccurate by 100 x (Phi - (665 / 465)) / Phi
= 11.6 % [Phi = 1.618].
The accurately plotted Dan Winter values in the graph for Chl-a in solution
(!) are as follows:
For the lower chlorophyll absorbtion peak Dan Winter appears to have used,
not that of free Clorophyll, but in polar organic solution (diethyl ether).
This is a different value (~430 nm). This is flawed for two reasons:
- On this planet, plants grow in the air, not in diethyl ether. So the
natural absorbtion spectra are those of free Chlorophyll;
- It is still just one (the low) absorbtion peak in diethyl ether which
matches Dan Winter's value. One peak does not make a "harmonic
cascade", as Dan Winter tries to prove. Even whether two matching
peaks would validate a harmonic cascade is not sure.
Unfortunately, the Wiki values are uncited, and no other direct sources
could be found. However the spectral comparison for bacterial chlorophyll
c (BChl-c) in aquateous vs. methanol solution is known [http://www.bio.ku.dk/nuf/resources/scitab/chlabs/index.htm
+ well referenced].
The absorbtion peaks of BChl-c in aquatic solution, where the molecular
function remains intact as in free BChl-c, are around 458 nm and 744 nm.
From below graph and table it follows that bacterial chlorophyll c (BChl-c)
and plant chlorophyll a (Chl-a) have quite accurately corresponding absorbtion
spectra, especially in the lower frequencies (bold in table).
graph and table (clipped): http://www.bio.ku.dk/nuf/resources/scitab/chlabs/index.htm
If two complex spectra are virtually equal in one shared condition, they
are most likely to be equal in another. Therefore, either with or without
a small BChl - Chl correction, the Wiki values for the free chlorophyll-a
low and high absorbtion peaks appear accurate within less than a percent
(in fact, this could serve as a citation for the Wiki on free chlorophyll
For the higher absorbtion peak, Dan Winter refers to the low resolution
graph, instead of using the readily known numerical value from literature.
This is also flawed for two reasons:
- Still this is the spectrum of chlorophyll in solution, i.e. not free
- Dan Winter does not actually interpolate the proper value, he instead
plugs his own hypothized value
Even if the chlorophyll absorbtion peaks would not have been mentioned
in literature numerically, the interpolation to extract accurate values
from, or introduce values into the spectrum graph is so simple, that any
school kid could have done it. The accuracy of this interpolation is in
any case far greater than that of Dan Winter's plugged value.
Clearly there must be another reason for this glaring discrepancy between
the true and the Dan Winter values, which is obviously not mathematical
or physical in nature, but psychological. This may be explained through
"modus ponens". In short, this means doing science by trying
to find observations confirming an existing hypothesis ("ponere").
For example, looking for evidence of a Higgs particle. This is modus ponens,
which may or may not yield result. Or, when Isaac Newton plugged "Indigo"
as a primary spectrum color, he allegedly did so to satisfy the religious
belief that the spectrum of light should match the musical scale, as was
required by the Church [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indigo]. This is
less likely to yield result, as there is no physical evidence and no mature
scientific theory either. The opposite is "modus tollens " - developing
a theory based on actual observations. For example, how Albert Einstein
developed relativity based on the Michelson-Morley experiment with light
speed. Or, the theory of the geometric origin of all primary colors, based
on the known wavelengths of those colors.
In the case of Newtons "Indigo" there is no true discovery,
because there is no real theory and no physical evidence. Likewise, in
Dan Winter's case of "Planck - Golden Mean - chlorophyll absorbtion
peaks", there is also hardly any trace of a theory and no physical
evidence. In fact, unlike in Newton's case, there is negative evidence.
In such case, if an idea is nurtured against all odds, "modus tollens"
becomes little more than a euphemism for wishful thinking, if not a religious
belief in a pet theory, in this case something along the lines of the
omnipotence of Golden Ratio. Moreover, the fact that the glaring mismatch
here was nevertheless presented as a an "accurate multiplication
of Planck length with a Phi cascade" is akin to pure deception -
clearly, to make lay people belief in the omnipotence of Golden Ratio
Dan Winter has obviously completely identified himself with. It doesn't
take an Isaac Newton or Albert Einstein to understand why Dan Winter did
not mention the numerical values from litarature and only showed a low-resolution
graph, trusting that his typical readers and audience will swallow his
latest "discovery" ad hominem.
These sort of willful distortions should be avoided, to preserve the intrinsic
beauty and integrity of Sacred Geometry, if not as a science, then at
least as a belief system, and just to keep the fun in science.
A true theory on absorbtion lines of chlorophyll should ideally provide
a solution for both a and b types, or at least discuss the differences.
The spectrum line of minimal BChl-c (resp. Chl-a) absorbtion in aquateous
solution is in fact much closer to the retinal (photopic) peak sensitivity
(yellow-green) than to green. In other words, the color least appreciated
by plants, is the color most appreciated by the eye. This value is accurately
known in literature (555 nm) and was also accurately (less than 0.2%)
found by the geometric origin of color (556 nm). Source: http://science.trigunamedia.com/
The theory of the geometrical origin of color in fact (first time) verifyably
disproves Newton's hypothesis of "Indigo" as a primary color,
because for the "Indigo" wavelength there exists no exclusive
geometrical cause.within the formula predicting all other primary colors
plús the retinal peak sensitivity.
The Bacteriochlorophyll BChl-c absorbtion lines in aquateous solution
(i.e. with intact funtion) and therefore also the free plant chlorophyll
Chl-a seem to be around Golden Ratio, however unrelated to any currently
known larger cascade, and unrelated to Planck length:
Note: the lower Golden Ratio accuracy for BChl-e could be caused by the
less distinct lower peak
as a result of a secondary maximum around 530 nm.
Complete Dan Winter plagiarism summary on Casa Khuan - www.casakhuan.org
© All rights reserved, TrigunaMedia, 2011